Six former leaders of the Drinking Water Program discuss the first 10 years of implementation of the Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974, the challenges, and the lessons learned.
Audio Track - The Complete Interview - 88 minutes
Six former senior leaders in the Public Water Supply Program of EPA got together in 2013 from around the country and pooled their memories and "lessons learned" from the 10 years of the implementation of the Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974. They developed this panel discussion to convey this history and lessons learned for current viewers. The six panelists are Vic Kimm, Joe Cotruvo, Jack Hoffbuhr, John Wise, Alan Levin, and Arden Calvert.
The goals in this video are fourfold: First, to set the historical context in which the program was launched and outline the major elements of this historic legislation. Second, describe the scientific, technical, and political challenges the Agency faced. Third, recount how we undertook to implement the new program. And fourth, with the benefit of hindsight, identify the factors that we believe contributed to our successes in implementing the Federal Drinking Water Program. It is our hope that some of the lessons learned through our experiences may be of interest to historians and useful to future managers of environmental programs.
Four of the participants in this video also write a journal article on this same topic that was published in the Journal of the American Water Works Association. Copies are available from our Association. Just send an email to EPAalumni@aol.com
The individual "chapters" of the discussion are available for viewing individually as is the complete interview (88 minutes).
Chapter 1: Major Elements of the Legislation and their Historical Context (33 minutes)
In this chapter the panelists discuss the context for the passage of the legislation and the major components of the program.
Chapter 2: The Scientific, Technical and Political Challenges (21 minutes)
Challenges faced in starting up the program, especially in standard-setting.
Chapter 3: Implementation (Standards, Regions, and States) (18 minutes)
How Headquarters, Regions, and States worked together.
Chapter 4: Factors that Led to Successes and some Lessons Learned (17 minutes)
Panelists reflect back on success and posit some lessons learned.
|The Complete Interview||88m|
|C1:||Major Elements of the Legislation and their Historical Context||33m|
|C2:||The Scientific, Technical and Political Challenges||21m|
|C3:||Implementation (Standards, Regions, and States)||18m|
|C4:||Factors that Led to Successes and some Lessons Learned||17m|
|The Complete Interview||39m|
|C1:||Joining the Administration: Relationship with the President||8m|
|C2:||My Agenda at EPA||6m|
|C4:||Priorities at EPA||5m|
|C5:||EPA Leadership and Staff||3m|
|The Complete Interview||74m|
|C1:||An Unusual Arrival at EPA||18m|
|C2:||Chernobyl's Radiation Emergency||8m|
|C3:||OSWER & Superfund Reauthorization||8m|
|C4:||Stratospheric Ozone & Climate Change||19m|
|C5:||Management & Core Values||23m|
|The Complete Interview||60m|
|C1:||Setting the Stage Historically||6m|
|C2:||EPA's Relationship with the Private Sector||8m|
|C3:||Program Management & Public/Private Partnerships||18m|
|C4:||Leadership Management within EPA||18m|
|C5:||Lessons Learned at EPA||10m|
|The Complete Interview||55m|
|C1:||Beginning a New Agency||13m|
|C2:||Setting up the New Agency's Structure||17m|
|C3:||DDT & the Clean Air Act of 1970||13m|
|C4:||Leadership at the New Agency||12m|
|The Complete Interview||77m|
|C1:||Introduction and Background of the Development of Clean Air Legislation in the U.S.||10m|
|C2:||Regulatory Structure of the Clean Air Act of 1970||13m|
|C3:||State Implementation Planning||12m|
|C4:||The California Federal Implementation Plan||19m|
|The Complete Interview||53m|
|C1:||A Public and Private Sector Career in Environmental Protection||9m|
|C2:||Early Days of Environmental Enforcement||8m|
|C5:||The Future of Environmental Protection||14m|
|The Complete Interview||48m|
|C1:||The Public and Social Context for the Creation of EPA||16m|
|C2:||How EPA was Created using Reorganization Plan #3||10m|
|C3:||Congressional Approval and the Start Up of the New Agency||22m|